Mechanical Tests

Standard/applicable to Title Keyword/Meas. unit Conditions Description
DIN 267-27
Screw pastes
Break away torque x Tightening torque M 10 A2/40 Nm/400 °C/100 h (OKS Standard) Ratio of break away torque required to release a screw connection compared to starting torque. Often following high temperature loading.
DIN 51 350
Oils, greases, pastes
Testing of lubricants; testing in the Shell-four-ball tester Part 1: General working principles. Part 2: Determination of welding load of fluid lubricants. Part 3: Determination of welding load of fluid lubricants. Part 4: Determination of welding load of consistent lubricants. Part 5: Determination of wear characteristics for consistent lubricants. VKA test/ welding load: N wear: mm Welding Load: 1420 rpm Wear (oils): 1420 rpm, 1 h, 150 N (Method A) or 300 N (Method B) Wear (greases): 1420 rpm, 1 h, 150 N (Method C), 300 N (Method D) oder 1000 N (Method E) Determination of characteristic values for lubricants that are suitable for use where high surface pressures occur in the mixed-friction zone between surfaces that move relatively to each other. The test makes use of a rotating ball, pressed against three identical, stationary balls. Measurements can be made based on the force required to produce welding between the balls (welding load), or on the amount of wear on the balls after application of a defined force over a specific time.
DIN 51 354-2
Oils, fluid greases
FZG damage loading step Load stage A, 8,3/90
A2, 76/50
Testing of the load capacity of gear lubricants.
DIN 51 354-2
Oils, fluid greases
FZG wear mg/kWh A, 8,3/90
A2 76/50
Testing of the load capacity of gear lubricants.
DIN 51 806
Roller bearing greases
SKF R2F Operting Test A
SKF R2F Operting Test B
2500 rpm, 20 d
1500 rpm, 20 d, 120 °C
Determination of lubricating properties of rolling bearing greases at room temperature (Operating Test A) and at a defined temperature (Operating Test B).
DIN 51 807-1
Greases (pastes)
Testing of lubricating greases in the presence of water, static test Water resistance/
Evaluation class 0 to 3 at stated test temperature
Specified temperature (usually 90 °C), distilled water, 3 h test duration A 1 mm thick layer of lubricating grease is applied to a glass plate and is subjected to the effect of still water for 3 hours at a specified temperature. Afterwards, any changes will be evaluated.
DIN 51 807-2
Greases (pastes)
Testing of lubricating greases in the presence of water, dynamic test Water resistance/
Evaluation class of mass loss at stated test temperature
1 h, 40 °C or 80 °C water temperature, 600 rpm Water is sprayed on a grooved ball bearing that is filled with lubricating grease. The change in the mass of the grease in the bearing is measured.
DIN 51 810-1
Rolling bearing greases
Determination of shear viscosity of lubricating greases using a rotation viscosimeter.  Apparent dynamic viscosity/
Pa . s or in %
For lubricating greases in NLGI classes 000 to 2 at constant shear rate. Test run at stipulated speeds and times. The shear viscosity of lubricating grease is determined by measuring the torque at a constant temperature and speed. The initial and final viscosity are measured. The shear viscosity indicates the stability of a grease.
DIN 51 818
Lubricants; consistency classification of lubricating greases; NLGI grades NLGI grades/
NLGI grade
Measurement of the worked penetration after 60 double cycles at 25 °C as defined in DIN ISO 2137 Classification of lubricating greases by level of worked penetration for simple marking of products to indicate consistency.
DIN 51 821
Roller bearing greases
Testing of lubricants using the FAG FE9 rolling bearing test device FE 9 Lubrication greases NLGI 1 to 4, between 120 °C an 200 °C Mechanical dynamic testing of lubricants to determine the lifespan under realistic conditions. Several bearings are filled with grease and tested until they fail. The test method described in part 2 is used to determine the upper operating temperature for rolling bearing greases. Under these test conditions: installation type A, axial load 1500 N and speed 6000 rpm, the grease achieved 100 hours at the to-be-stated temperature. The probability of bearing failure is 50 % (F50).
DIN 51 834-2
Testing of lubricants; Tribological test in the translatory oscillation apparatus (SRV). Determination of measured quantities for friction and wear for lubricating oils SRV test/
µ mm
Cylinder/disc, 450 N, 1000 µm, 50 Hz, 2h (OKS standard) The test establishes the friction coefficient between the specimens and the wear on the specimens after a specified test duration.
DIN EN ISO 16041
Screw pastes
Thread friction coefficient µ Screws: ISO 4017 M10x55-8.8 vgs
nut: ISO 4032 M10-10 vgs.
Determination of friction coefficient by tightening of threaded fasteners.
DIN ISO 2137
Greases, pastes
- unworked penetration
- worked penetraton
- penetration loss
0,1 mm
0,1 mm
0,1 mm
- no shear stress
- with shear stress (60 double cycles)
- with shear stress
Determination of the consistency of a lubricant with and without application of shear stress.
E DIN 51 833
Assembly pastes
Press-fit-test µ, N   Testing of the lubricating effect of pastes under very high pressures at low speeds.
SEB 181 302
Roller bearing greases
Timken mg 43 lbs Determination of the wear protection properties of a rolling bearing grease for a defined load.

Chemical Tests

Standard/applicable to Title Keyword/Meas. unit Conditions Description
DIN 50 017 Condensation water test Degree of corrosion µm, h Testing of corrosion protection properties in humid atmospheres for a defined coating thickness (µm) until the first traces of rust appear (h).
DIN 50 021 Spray tests with different sodium chloride solutions Degree of corrosion h DIN 53 210
for specified coating thickness until first rust appears
Testing of corrosion protection properties in a salty atmosphere.
DIN 51 802
Roller bearing greases
Testing lubricating greases for their corrosion inhibiting properties SKF EMCOR/
Corrosion grade
Three times 8 hours of operation each interrupted by 16 hour breaks at room temperature using distilled water. Testing of corrosion protection of greases when used in rolling and friction bearings. The grease is tested by adding distilled water to ball joint bearings. Then the tracks of the outer rings are checked for corrosion.
DIN 51 811
Rolling bearing greases
Testing of the corrosive effect of lubrication greases on copper, copper strip test method Copper corrosion/
Corrosion grade at stated test temperature
24 h/100 °C (OKS Standard) This test is used to determine how corrosive lubricating grease is to copper. A smoothed copper strip is immersed in the lubricating grease for 24 h at a constant temperature, usually 50 °C or 100 °C. Afterwards, the corrosion grade is determined based on the discolouration.
Aqueous substances pH value

Physical Tests

Standard/applicable to Title Keyword/Meas. unit Conditions Description
DIN 50 981
DIN 50 984
Layer thickness µm DIN 50 982-2 Determination of layer thickness.
DIN 51 412-1
(DIN IEC 247)
Testing of petroleum products; Determination of the electrical conductivity
Part 1: Laboratory method.
Part 2: Field method.
Electrical conductivity/
pS/m (Ohm x cm)
at 23 °C Procedure for measurement of the electrical conductivity of liquids. Cannot be used with insulating oils. The test makes use of a conductive receptacle containing approx. 100 ml of the liquid under test, to which a direct current voltage of 100 V is applied. The electrical conductivity can be calculated from the measured voltage drop.
DIN 51 562-1
Determination of evaporation loss Evaporation loss/
% in mass
T = 250 °C, 60 min Determination of evaporation loss of an oil over a specified time period t at a specific temperature T.
DIN 51 755
Oils, solvents
Determination of flash point using the Abel-Pensky closed cup method Flash point/
Temperature range from 5 °C to
65 °C
Determination of flash point of mineral oils and other combustible liquids. Other tests are used for higher flash points.
DIN 51 757
Determination of density of mineral oils and related substances Density/
kg/l of g/ml
at 15 °C To convert mass to and from volume.
DIN 51 805
Oils, Greases
Determination of flow pressure of lubricating greases, Kesternich method Flow pressure/
mbar, °C
Lower operating temperature for lubricating greases according to DIN: flow pressure < 1.400 mbar A test nozzle filled with lubricating grease is connected to a pressurized gas source and a pressure gauge. At a specific, constant temperature, the pressure is continually increased until the lubricating grease rope snaps and the pressurized gas escapes through the nozzle. The lower operating temperature for lubricating greases according to DIN 51 825 is defined by the flow pressure as maximally 1400 mbar.
DIN 51 813
Determination of the amount of solid substances in lubrication greases, particle sizes > 25 µm Solids content/
mg/kg or ppm
Only for soap-based lubrication greases without added solid lubricants Determination of the amount of solids, impurities in lubricant greases that can cause lubrication problems, noise and wear. 500 g of the grease is pressed through a sieve. Then, the residue in the sieve is mixed with a solvent and impurities are washed out.
DIN 51 817
Greases (Pastes)
Determination of oil separation from lubricating grease under static conditions Oil separation/
% in mass
t/T Determination of the bleed properties over a specified time period t and temperature T.
DIN 51 832
Particle size µm d 50, d 99, max. Determination of average (d50) and maximum (d99) particle size.
DIN 52 612
Thermally conductive pastes
Thermal conductivity W/mK Testing of thermal conductivity of a substance.
DIN 53 481
DIN IEC 234-2
Insulating pastes,
Thermally conductive pastes
Dielectric strength kV/mm at 20 °C, 0,05 inch separation Electrical testing.
DIN 53 482
Insulating pastes,
Thermally conductive pastes
Electrical greases
Specific resistance Ohm x cm at 25 °C,
Electrode separation 1 cm,
Electrode area 1 cm²
Testing of electrical resistance of a substance.
DIN 58 397-1
Evaporation loss Weight percent t/T Determination of the evaporation loss of a lubricant over a defined period of time, t, at a defined temperature, T.
DIN EN 22719
DIN ISO 2592
°C > 79 °C
< 65 °C
< 5 °C
Lowest temperature at which the evaporating oil can be ignited by an external ignition source.
All substances
Density g/ml at 20 °C
DIN ISO 2176
Greases, pastes
Drop point °C Temperature at which the structure of the grease breaks down.
DIN ISO 3016
Pourpoint °C 3 °C steps Temperature at which the oil first becomes capable of flow.
Insulating pastes Dielectric constants 1 kHz - 10 MHz Electrical testing.
Insulating pastes Arc stability s Electrical testing.
Insulating pastes Dielectric loss factor tan 1 kHz - 10 MHz Measurement of dielectric loss factor.